fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "god fearing " (scammers in West Africa like to use religious phrases)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Mary Martins <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 13 Feb 2021 04:45:04 -0800
Subject: Donation From Madam Mary
Dearest in Christ.
How are you today, I am Mrs Mary Martins, an aging widow. I am 78
years old suffering from long time illness. I am currently admitted in
a private hospital here in America, I have some funds I inherited from
my late loving husband Mr. Frank Martins, 3.8 million dollars which
he deposited in bank of America, and I need a very honest and God
fearing person that can use these funds for God's work and 15% out of
the total funds will be
for your compensation for doing this work of God.
Please if you would be able to use these funds for the Lord's work,
kindly reply to my email as soon as possible for more details
Your Sister in the Lord