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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Mico Lawson" <>
Date: Fri, 12 Feb 2021 14:06:31 -0800
Subject: Attention Beneficiary,

This is to inform you that your CONSIGNMENT BOX of $5.5 Million US Dollars was stopped from being delivered to your home address by the USA Homeland security. You are advised to contact your delivery agent Mike Hanssen with the needed fee to get the needed clearance.

Make sure you contact him with the following for security reasons;

Your full names
Telephone number
His email address is

This will enable him to respond to you immediately , we will like to remind you the delivery agent was given 1 week to get this sorted out or have him sent back with the consignment box.

Mr. Mico Lawson
Department of Homeland Security.

Anti-fraud resources: