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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Nichole Raner ( AVP, Branch Manager - Central Region)" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 12 Feb 2021 22:18:39 +0100
Subject: Attn From Nichole Raner

Citizens Bank.
1 Citizen Plaza Providence City,
Rhode Island  02903-1339 USA.
WhatsApp, TextMessages +1 (401) 405-4263

Greetings, This is Nichole Raner. We wish to inform you that we have received a directive from the Treasury Department to pay your withheld sum of US$3,000,000. The New U.S President has ordered all withheld and stopped fund/transfers be processed and released to their various owners/beneficiaries. We discovered an unpaid sum owed to you and some other individuals through Non-Contract Payment, Inheritance and Lottery Winning Prize Awards and have thus approved the sum US$3,000,000 for immediate payment through this bank to you.

It will interest you to know that this sum is approved to be transferred to you with immediate effect.

Reconfirm the below details for more information.

1. Full Names:
2. Residential Address:
3. Phone Number:
4. Any Means of Identification:
5. Occupation:

Reply to my private email: and

I await your reply.


Nichole Raner
AVP, Branch Manager - Central Region,
Citizens Bank

Anti-fraud resources: