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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Senator.Ben Murray Bruce" <>
Reply-To: "" <>
Date: Sat, 13 Feb 2021 01:40:57 +0900
Subject: I want you to contact Anderson Chris,

Good Morning,

My names is Senator.Ben Murray Bruce,i am written to inform you that the national Assemble under the new regimes of Africa Government has decided to compensate you as one of scam victims who lost his/her fund in the hands of AFRICAN internet scam artist,as matter of fact your bank draft worth of 2.5 million U.S Dollar has arrived at the united states in the above address,
I want you to contact Anderson Chris,
His Address USA is 768 forest Ridge Drive
Marietta Georgia 30067 (USA) with his email address
(, He will tell you what to do and
receive your bank draft today or tomorrow because the package is
already in Georgia (USA).

Your Sincerely
Senator.Ben Murray Bruce

Anti-fraud resources: