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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Vector Capital Finance Limited <>
Date: Thu, 4 Feb 2021 00:07:59 +0100

Dearest one.

Can you receive my late client US$20.5M by cash delivery to your
doorstep who died on COVID 19 without next of kin and take 30%?

Get back to me immediately


Dr. John W Monk
Vector Capital Finance Limited
3rd Floor, Vantage House,
6-7 Claydons Lane,
Rayleigh SS6 7UP United Kingdom
Tel: 44-703-1901781

Anti-fraud resources: