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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Peter O'Brien " <>
Date: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 04:42:29 -0800
Subject: No Upfront Payment!!


This is a personal message directed to you and I hope that you will

receive this message in good faith. My name is Mr Peter O'Brien from
England and base on good recommendation that you are a honest fellow and reliable to do business with in areas of investment

and financial partnering, I am writing to acquaint you of a transaction and monetary transfer of Eighteen Million Five Hundred Thousand US Dollars which is currently domiciled in Deutsche Bank.

Please revert back to me so I can provide you with more details about the transaction. E Mail:

Peter O'Brien

Anti-fraud resources: