fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. David Koffi" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 04:23:22 -0800
Subject: PLEASE GET BACK TO ME
My name is Dr. David Koffi. I am a Financial broker by profession. I
have an important business to propose to you. Please go through this
important letter and get back to me.
In the year 2011 during the political crisis in Libya, I was consulted
by one of my old clients, an oil magnate and ex minister of petroleum,
being a strong ally to deposed Libyan President Muammar Gaddaffi. My
client, through instruction from President Gaddafi, sought my
assistance to move the sum of $78 Million Dollars to any financial
house abroad, when it became clear that Late President Gaddaffi will
be ousted from the seat of power.
This money $78,000,000 (Seventy Eight Million Dollars) was originally
deposited by President Gaddafi in a Finance Security House in Ghana,
through my assistance with the Ex-Minister of Petroleum.
Unfortunately, after the Security Office moved this money to
Madrid-Spain, President Gaddafi was assassinated in Libya during the
Political Crisis which led to change of Government in Libya. Since
then, this money has remain in Madrid Spain (Europe)
The Security House in Ghana was instructed to secure the money in
Europe, and register the money as belonging to a Foreign Client. No
name was instructed to mention as the beneficiary or Foreign Owner of
this money by Late President Gaddafi. because Late Gaddafi didn't want
his name to be mentioned due to his political status at the time.
As a Financial Consultant, I handled all the transactions for them and
also secured all the documents for President Gaddafi (Now Late) May
his soul rest in peace. I was in communication with the Ex-Minister
concerning this money in Spain but unfortunately I received sad news a
few years later that the ex-minister died in a Hospital here in Ghana.
Now, the Financial Security House here in Ghana has called on my
urgent attention to furnish them with the details of the rightful
foreign beneficiary of this money, to enable them expedite immediate
release of this money through the bank in Spain.
Now I am seeking your assistance to present you to the Financial House
as the Foreign beneficiary of this money so that they can instruct the
bank in Spain to transfer the money to your bank account immediately,
while I come over to meet with you so that we can share the money
I decided to do this because I cannot forfeit this deposit to the
finance house considering the fact that no other individual or person
is aware of this deposit except me and my deceased client.
The Security Office cannot accept to release this money to anyone
here, except a Foreigner who can present a document of this deposit. I
have the documents already with me and I will send them to you. Your
role in this business is simple. Your role is only to pose as the
foreign owner of the deposit since the money was deposited without any
beneficiary's name. After that you will instruct the finance company
to direct the bank in Spain to immediately transfer the money to your
bank account, or we can open a bank account on your name in Spain and
first deposit the money in this account, and then from this account,
we can transfer the money bit by bit to our bank account.
As you can see from the above explanation, everything about this
transaction is 100% legitimate and will never bring trouble of any
kind now and after the completion of the transaction.
If you are ready to work with me kindly indicate your interest and
provide me your direct telephone number for verbal discussion. my
private email is:email@example.com
I am looking forward to hearing from you.
Dr. David Koffi