fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "i will like you to " (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "offshore account" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Nastac Elisabeta Bayarmaa" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 11 Jan 2021 07:08:17 -0800
Subject: Re: 11th.01.2021
The internet has been grossly abused by scam artists and miscreants whose intention is to hurt. As much as one should be careful, we should not allow negative to kill the positive potential in a realistic business, please read my proposal carefully it's 100% Risk-free.
My name is Mrs. Nastac Elisabeta Bayarmaa, i work with LA CAIXA BANK ESPAÑA. I am writing you this letter to ask for your support and Co-operation to carry out this business opportunity in my department. Andreas Schranner A German business magnate who made a numbered fixed deposit with our branch worth 15,500,000.00 (Fifteen Million Five Hundred Thousand Euros) from his Petroleum Corporation, Mr. Andreas Schranner died in plane crash Monday, 31 July, 2000, 13:22 GMT 14:22 UK with Air France jet along with his entire family and other passengers on board, please you can confirm it yourself via the website below:
According to Spanish banking law after the expiration of 20yrs (Twenty) years, if anybody did not applys for the claim it will be confiscated into a state treasury account. I am seeking for your support to stand as next of kin/beneficiary to claim these funds so that we move it into useful investments! charity and less privileged, I am ready to share with you 50% for you and 50% will be kept for me, You will provide an offshore account where the funds will be transferred to, reason while I am contacting you is because I cannot stand in the forefront to claim the funds alone because I am currently working with the bank.
I will like you to provide me the following details if you are interested:
(1) Your Full Name:
(2) Your Age and Sex:
(3) Your Occupation:
(4) Your Nationality:
(5) Current Resident Address:
(6) Your Private E-Mail Address:
(7) Your Valid Direct Tel / Mobile / Fax Number
Then I will furnish you with processes with a lawyer who will work on concluding this transaction without any delay. please discard this message if you are not interested. One Passionate appeal I will not make it to anyone else, if you have any reason to reject this offer, please destroy this message.
Thanks for your kind understanding.
Mrs. Nastac Elisabeta Bayarmaa
Phone: +34 63132 8613