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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Liaqat Malik PhD" <>
Date: Sun, 06 Dec 2020 09:18:50 +0100
Subject: Re: 06/12/2020

Good day,

I am making this contact from the Law office of Liaqat Malik Esq a Fiduciary and wealth Management Services firm, a leading Investment and Wealth Management services here in London, United Kingdom and New York USA.

I do have the mandate of a Private Client with delicate political background to seek individuals with Financial Management know-how to handle the investment and management of over US$900M under strict anonymity. If you have fund management abilities, credible projects in need of funding or existing businesses requiring expansion, we would be delighted to work with you. Also, ensuing from these funds, we are able to provide cash backed Bank Guarantees under Leased Finance for advanced stage projects requiring such support.

Kindly send us your business plan and executive summary for review, if you have a genuine and profitable plan, we will send you a term sheet.

We will be happy to hear from you.


Liaqat Malik PhD

Anti-fraud resources: