fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "EU based Investment Funding and Project-Finance firm" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 30 Sep 2020 04:06:10 -0700
Subject: EU based Investment Funding and Project-Finance firm
From: Mr. Jermain Clarke
Attn: Dear friend
We are credible, competent and reliable EU based Investment Funding and Project-Finance firm, with magnificent
financial capacity to provide huge loan Funds to finance your projects.
Our Finance Company can approve project funding between USD $20 million up to USD $100 Billion (without collateral) depending on the nature and viability of the business, investment or project; Tenure / repayment of Loan between 15 years years with only 3% interest annually - Interest rate beings after 3years of receiving the Loan Funds in your account.
We Lend huge Millions of USD/GBP to business individuals and companies as loans (without collateral) to finance projects or expand their businesses.
We are ready to Finance and Expand your business, investment or project, once give us the business plan and executive summary for assessment and review.
Contact us urgently TODAY via Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Send Reply to us for more details if you or your friends need Loan Funds.
MR. Jermain CLARKE