fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Rotary Club Intl-Varco oil Dubai <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 07 Dec 2020 19:56:02 +0000
Subject: File to claim your covid Business accredited fund
We hereby notify you that you are among the lucky beneficiary of the
just concluded online international Rotary club covid-19 small business
support program which was financed by Varco oil company Dubai and
conducted by Rotary club international in conjunction with several email
providers and online marketing platform in choosing the lucky winners
anonymously. The sum of $1,000,000.00 United States Dollars has
been awarded to you. Here is the claim form, kindly open the document
via OneDrive for business and fill out your details to claim your
accredited fund. ,
and sign in with your email to access the secure document page
Here is the disbursing agent contact details in case you have any
further follow up inquiry you would like to make.
Name: Agent Earle Fain
Phone Number : +1 201 350 8834
Congratulation once more.
Rotary Club International-Varco Dubai