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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Godwin Emefiele" <>
Date: Mon, 07 Dec 2020 10:31:40 -0800
Subject: Good Day!

Good Day,

Hope this mail finds you in an excellent condition of health. I'm happy to inform you about my success in getting your long awaited CBN Contract/Inheritance/Winning funds transferred under the co-operation of a new partner from the UK. I'm presently in the UK for investment projects with my own share of the total sum. I didn't forget your past efforts and attempts to receive your funds despite that it failed somehow due to some unscrupulous staffs of the CBN. Now contact my secretary in Nigeria her name is Miss Linda Momoh and her email address is (, ask her to send you the US$2,000,000.00 which I kept for your compensation for all your past efforts and attempts in trying to receive your funds. I appreciate your efforts at that time very much. So feel free and get in touch with my secretary and instruct her where to send the amount to you. Please do let me know immediately you receive it so that we can share the joy after all the sufferings at that time. I'm very busy here because of the investment projects which me and the new partner are having at hand. Finally, remember that I had forwarded instruction to my secretary on your behalf to enable you receive the money. So feel free to get in touch with her, she will send the amount to you without any delay.

With best regards,

Godwin Emefiele.
Governor Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).

Anti-fraud resources: