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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: AOL inc
Date: 27 Nov 2020 02:54:41 +0000
Subject: Winning Notification

Dear Winner,

We are pleased to inform you that your E-mail address has just
won $3,000,000.00 by emerging with American Online Lottery AOL
2020 as an active users doing the random picking online as the
Pandemic was going on. No tickets where sold it was a random
balloting selection. So you are advised to contact your claims
agent with this information below along with your Winning
Identification Number via E-mail for proper Verification

emailto lottery agent:

Full Names...
Your House Address...
Your Telephone Number...
Your Winning Number: AOL009US/LINK-LAX1182/020

770 Broadway New York,
NY 10003 USA,003 USA

Anti-fraud resources: