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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Richard Thomas" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 19 Nov 2020 21:21:07 -0800

Greeting to you and your family.
This is to inform you that i have successfully transferred the funds with a help of a new partner from Columbus Ohio and Presently am in Omen for oil investment projects with my partner and I kept a sealed parcel containing a certified Bank Draft of US$550,000.00 for your compensation towards your past effort so quickly contact my secretary.
Mr.Paul Edward on.
Email:{ }
Text or call him on: +229 96906888
I may not have access to communicate with my secretary due to the investment project i have at hand here in a remote area of Omen. I left an instruction to my secretary for your contact and it is only the sealed parcel of the Bank Draft that my secretary will send to you.
Best regards.
Mr Richard Thomas

Anti-fraud resources: