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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Klaus Carl" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 13 Nov 2020 06:56:50 -0800
Subject: Please act fast


My name is Klaus Carl, I am a banker, I'm contacting you in respect to the abandoned fund of our late customer who died during this pandemic alongside his family Leaving no one to inherit his fund (USD$15.5m ) deposited with our bank ,and you share the same surname with him , i would like you to claim the fund as the next of kin to the deceased , we can share it Equally. This is very secured and confidential . Kindly reply for more details.
Klaus Carl

Anti-fraud resources: