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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Alex Brown" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 13 Nov 2020 05:25:40 -0800
Subject: RE

FedEx Re Star Express
70 International Airport Road Mafoluku
Lagos Nigeria
Your ATM Card From United Bank for Africa (UBA) was brought to us which is ready to be shipped and below is the tracking details Your Tracking Number: 800277347645.
All you have to do is that You have to send $100 for Delivery and Insurrance  fee and your ATM Card will delivered to you within 24 hours.
Waiting to hear from you ASAP. Contacted :
Alex Brown

Anti-fraud resources: