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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: deon brand <>
Date: Thu, 5 Nov 2020 20:02:27 +0200
Subject: Payment

Telephone: CONFIDENTIAL PROPOSALHello, My Name is Mr Mike Dubbe the Chief Operating Officer of StandardBank of South Africa and I am in need of a reliable foreigner to carry outthis important deal.An account was opened in my bank by one of my customer in the name of MR.THOMAS BAHIA a Dutch National from Germany who made a fixed deposit of$11,500,000.00 (Eleven Million, Five hundred Thousand United StatesDollars) and never show up again and I later discovered that he died withhis entire family members on a plane crash and below is the link to thecrash. NowI want to present a foreigner as next of kin to late Thomas so we can makethe claim because if nobody makes the claim, the fund will be taken by theGovernment as unclaimed funds and it will be stolen by Government corruptofficials and that I do not want to happen and you can contact me if youare interested so I can give you more detailed information about thistransaction.ThanksMr Mike Dubbe.

Anti-fraud resources: