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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Miss Sophia Jeffery Carl <>
Date: Tue, 20 Oct 2020 14:50:38 +0100
Subject: Dear Beneficiary:


I am Miss Sophia Jeffery Carl, From Bank of America, International
wire transfers of Benin Republic Federal Ministry of Finance.This is
to inform you that your fund was brought to my desk because the
director & management of the WESTERN UNION & MONEYGRAM transfer have
declared to divert your fund to the government treasury account just
because you can not pay the wire transfer fee. In reasoning wisely to
this complaint I told them to wait until I hear from you so that I
will know the reason why you decided to reject such an amount of money
$1.5Million USD which is your rightful & legal overdue inheritance
payment just because of the transfer fee.

The reason why I sent this email to you is because its your sweat and
for this reason you still have this last chance to claim your fund if
you can send $35.00 USD today because I have already arranged your
wires ready for its daily wires to you but failing to do this, I will
allow them to have power over your fund and I am very sorry if you
failed as this is the last chance.

Therefore, send the $35.00 USD immediately you receive this email
today and email your full name and address to me if you want your
$1.5Million USD be send to you by western union OR Money gram transfer
but the maximum amount officially allow for it per day wire to you is
$5000.00 USD per day until you receive your complete $1.5Million USD
from here. The second option is for you to send me the full details of
your bank account if you want your fund to be fully transferred by
direct bank to bank wire transfer to your account at once. After you
have sent the $35.00 and email me the MTCN numbers, you are to
indicate your wish to receive your funds as I have stated above and
the funds will be released to you without any hitch.

Here is the western union or money gram information in the name of my
accountant to avoid delay in receiving your fund and remember that I
have done my best for you and I will make sure that your wire will
begin to be released to you from the moment you sent this $35.00.

Send the $35.00 now and send me an email with the western union MTCN
for money gram reference numbers when you send the money , you can as
well call me on this number +229-67403221 when you have sent the money
now okay .

CITY :............... COTONOU .
AMOUNT ..……$35.00USD

Send it and email the MTCN control number, amount sent, name and
address of sender to me for easy collection and once again remember to
call through this my line +229 67403221 Email ( )

Miss Sophia Jeffery Carl
Treasury Department, International
Wire Transfers, Federal Ministry of Finance Benin Republic.
Telephone: +229-67403221

Anti-fraud resources: