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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Michael Foster <>
Date: Mon, 14 Sep 2020 19:36:59 +0800 (HKT)

Attention Please,

My name is Mr. Michael Foster, advisor to an investor. I’m contacting you because we have an investor that has the capacity to invest in any massive project in your country or invest in your existing project that requires funding as loan at low interest rate. However, the investment aims at solar energy, tourism, real estate, stocks and bonds primarily, but will strongly consider any other business area you may suggest that can guarantee outstanding fiscal yields.

The investment fund is already tied down securely as receivables and will be transferred to your individual/company account if we accept to work together.

Let your reaction reach me via email soonest, if you have the track record and potential to receive, invest, and manage large sums successfully.

Mr. Michael Foster.
Investor’s Advisor

Anti-fraud resources: