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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Raji Musa <>
Date: Mon, 14 Sep 2020 09:56:33 +0100
Subject: My Friend ( Kindly Respond)

My Friend,

With due respect to your person and much sincerity of purpose, It’s my
pleasure to write you today, I am Mr. Raji Musa, I an
accountant/auditor. and I got your contact from commerce journal
search, I hope that you will not betray this trust and confident that
am about to repose in you for our benefit.I am in need of your
cooperation as a foreigner to transfer Twenty Million United States
Dollars ($20M) into your bank account for safety, risk is completely
%100 free.

Please I will like you to keep this proposal as a top secret. Also
note that you will have 50% of the above mentioned sum, if you agree
to transact this business with me, while 50% will be for me. I will
give you full details of this transaction immediately you notify me
your interest by sending your data to me through my private email ( )

Your Full Names
Your Home/Office Address
Your Phone Number
Your Driver License or International Passport.

I will be Waiting for your urgent response

Mr. Raji Musa.

Anti-fraud resources: