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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr. Henry James<>
Date: 14 Sep 2020 11:04:27 +0300
Subject: Dear Friend,,

Dear Friend,

I'm sorry, but happy to inform you about my success in getting
those funds transferred under the cooperation of a new partner
from Vietnam. Though, I tried my best to involve you in the
business, but God decided the whole situation. Presently, I’m in
Vietnam for investment projects with my own share of the total
sum. Meanwhile, I didn't forget your past efforts and attempts to
assist me in transferring those funds despite that it failed us
some how.

Now, contact my secretary his name is Mr. David Gate and his
email address is ( Ask him to send you
the total sum of $800,000.00 which I kept for your compensation
for all the past efforts and attempts to assist me in this
matter. I appreciated your efforts at that time very much. So,
feel free to get in touch with my secretary Mr. David Gate and
instruct him where to send the amount to you. Please, do let me
know immediately you receive it, so that we can share joy after
all the sufferings at that time.

At this moment, I’m very busy here, because of the investment
projects which I and my new partner are having at hand. Remember
that I had forwarded instruction to the secretary on your behalf
to receive that money. So, feel free to get in touch with Mr.
David Gate. He will send the amount to you without any delay.
Finally, I am very busy here now with the investment
opportunities without any time for myself. Therefore, I want you
to concentrate with my secretary, until the funds are transferred
to you without any further delay. I will not have much time
replying you further, but I have instructed my secretary to do
the needful. Extend my greetings to your family.

My best regards,

Yours brother
Mr. Henry James
Greetings from Vietnam

Anti-fraud resources: