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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "United Bank" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 14 Sep 2020 00:43:15 -0700

From the Desk of Mr Ben Kofi
Foreign Remittance Department
United Bank for Africa,
Accra Ghana.

Transaction Code:UBAGH4710
Reference:Contract Funds(US$ 27,400,000.00)
Dear Valued Customer

I am Mr Ben Kofi working with Foreign Remittance Department,United Bank for Africa Accra Ghana

I am delighted to inform you that during an audition here in my office today we come across your file of funds amounting to US$ US$ 27,400,000.00 being categorized as Contract Funds and your payment profile and name is still reflecting here in our central computer as unclaimed funds.

May i humbly inform you that i have been mandated to contact you by our bank management if you are to renew the contract agreement or you want your funds to be transferred to you.

Please do reconfirm to us as a matter of urgency with your complete bank details where the funds will be transferred to you.

United Bank for Africa is grateful for your continued patronage and we look forward to being of greater service to you and your business.

Thanks and best regards
Ben Kofi
Foreign Remittance Department
United Bank for Africa

Anti-fraud resources: