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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Frans Baleni" <>
Date: Sun, 13 Sep 2020 21:30:18 +0200
Subject: Please Read


Hope you and your family are well and safe from the pandemic that has
unfortunately befalling the world.

I am Mr Frans Baleni, the financial controller of the South African
National Petroleum Corporation (SANPC) and by Virtue of my Services, I
also occupy the seat of Executive Director of Petroleum Importation and
Exploration of South Africa with office in Pretoria.

I am in all honesty seeking your assistance for the transfer of Twenty Six
Million United States Dollars (US$26,000,000.00) only to your account for
our joint private investment purposes, hence my request for your

If you are interested you do business, let me know so that I can give you
Comprehensive details on what we are to do. You can contact me on Email
for further details:
, Tell: +27-739-089-161


Mr Frans Baleni

Anti-fraud resources: