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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Frank Daniel"
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 14 Sep 2020 01:28:15 +0800

Dear Partner,

It is my pleasure to let you know about my success in getting those fund
transferred under the cooperation of a new Partner from france. I
didn't forget your past efforts to assist me in transferring those funds.

Now contact my secretary Emma David email( )
for release of your $2.8Million forward below details to him
such as Full name Home address direct phone

Let me know immediately you receive it for us to share the joy. I am very
busy here with investment projects which I am having at hand, finally, I
left instruction to the secretary on your behalf, so feel free to get in
touch with him.

Best regards,
Dr. Frank Daniel

Anti-fraud resources: