fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "transferred into your bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Gerald K. Goodman" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 03 Sep 2020 19:59:37 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Next of Kin is urgently needed.
Date: 03 - 09 - 2020.
Time: 09:00 am - Nigerian Time. Telephone Number: +234-9065018186
From: Mr. Gerald K. Goodman ( Executive director ).
I personally do not need your money rather I need your honest assista=
nce/partnership in order to help me receive the sum of (US$65Million) whic=
h my late client/customer deposited with TRUST STANDARD PLC. My name is Mr=
. Gerald K. Goodman and I am the Head of International Operations of TRUST=
STANDARD PLC, Calabar -Nigeria. My client/customer (Engr. Wang Yu) was an=
oil trade mogul who actually is among the passenger MH370 or MAS370 a sche=
duled international passenger flight operated by Malaysia Airlines that dis=
appeared on 8 March 2014 while flying from Kuala Lumpur International Airpo=
rt to its destination, Beijing Capital International Airport. The crew of t=
he Boeing 777-200ER aircraft last communicated with air traffic control (AT=
C) around 38 minutes after takeoff when the flight was over the South China=
Sea. The aircraft was lost from ATC radar screens minutes later, but was t=
racked by military radar for another hour, deviating westwards from its pla=
nned flight path, crossing the Malay Peninsula and Andaman Sea. It left rad=
ar range 200 nautical miles (370 km) northwest of Penang Island in northwes=
tern Malaysia With all 227 passengers and 12 crew aboard presumed dead, the=
disappearance of Flight 370 was the deadliest incident involving a Boeing =
777 and the deadliest in Malaysia Airlines' history.
The search for the missing airplane, which became the most costly in aviati=
on history, focused initially on the South China and Andaman seas, before a=
nalysis of the aircraft's automated communications with an Inmarsat satelli=
te identified a possible crash site somewhere in the southern Indian Ocean.=
The lack of official information in the days immediately after the disappe=
arance prompted fierce criticism from the Chinese public, particularly from=
relatives of the passengers; most people on board Flight 370 were of Chine=
se origin. Several pieces of marine debris confirmed to be from the aircraf=
t washed ashore in the western Indian Ocean during 2015 and 2016. After a t=
hree-year search across 120,000 square kilometres (46,000 sq mi) of ocean f=
ailed to locate the aircraft, the Joint Agency Coordination Centre heading =
the operation suspended their activities in January 2017. A second search l=
aunched in January 2018 by the private contractor Ocean Infinity also ended=
without success after six months.
Based on my influence as the Account Officer of my late client/custome=
r, please I will like to present you as the new beneficiary/business partn=
er/Next of Kin who will receive this SAFE money. The process to have this =
money transferred into your bank account is very simple, safe and legal ba=
sed on my influence as a professional banker.
As a matter of fact, I want to move this money into your bank account =
before I can come over to your country to invest. I actually want to reloc=
ate to your country to start up a new life, so I want you to help me recei=
ve this money and also inform me of any good business which I can invest i=
nto because once the US$65Million is transferred into your bank account I =
will reward you with 60% (percent) of the total money. I will certainly pr=
ovide you with more details as soon as I read your response indicating you=
r interest to partner with me.
Please reply me immediately because this business transaction is 100% SAFE=
. You can also check on our bank website for my contact number and call me=
once you receive this email.
Mr. Gerald K. Goodman.
Executive Director. TRUST STANDARD PLC=20
This email and any files transmitted with it are confidential and intended =
solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom they are addressed. =
If you have received this email in error please notify the system manager. =
This message contains confidential information and is intended only for the=
individual named. If you are not the named addressee you should not dissem=
inate, distribute or copy this e-mail. Please notify the sender immediately=
by e-mail if you have received this e-mail by mistake and delete this e-ma=
il from your system. If you are not the intended recipient you are notified=
that disclosing, copying, distributing or taking any action in reliance on=
the contents of this information is strictly prohibited.