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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Whiteman Laboratories <>
Date: 17 Aug 2020 06:36:02 -0700
Subject: Very Important Business Proposal

Good day,

I am Carsten Buczilowski, Research Assistant of Whitman Laboratories Ltd United Kingdom. I have a business proposal for you which is worth a substantial amount and will save lives. I would be glad to receive your acknowledgement of this email so I can furnish you with more details of my proposal for your consideration.

Please send your reply to my private email at:

All I ask for is that you give me the opportunity to explain to you in details what the business is all about by replying back to my private email as stated above.

Please bear in mind that you have the right to quit after my detailed explanation if you don't feel like moving forward with the business. But I am certain that you won't regret it.

Best Regards,
Carsten Buczilowski

Anti-fraud resources: