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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Miriam Rail <>
Date: Mon, 17 Aug 2020 07:47:41 +0100
Subject: Reply

Hello Friend,

With due respect. For a brief on my personality; my name is Ms. Miriam
Rail, I am 52 years of age, wife of Late Mr Richard Rail, from Scotland
based in Turkey who is a retired Business man died 8 years ago, formally he
is into Solar and Recycling Energy, Crude Oil and Gas. We Married with 2
lovely kids.I dropped my late husband's Shipping business because it wasn't
producing profitable income. I have had so many problems with the TURKISH
Authority just because I am a foreigner and my husband knows more then me.
coupled with the corruption rate and recent terrorist activity in the
country.Hence my needs from you is to find a good home to buy there in your
country, where my family and I will live. (Mini Estate) Please I expect
your good and prompt reply so that we can proceed swiftly on how to buy the

I wait for your swift response,

Ms. Miriam Rail

Anti-fraud resources: