fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "to your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Frank Hamilton" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 21 May 2019 22:32:27 -0700
Subject: JPMorgan Chase & Co. New York City,
JPMorgan Chase & Co.
270 Park Avenue,
New York City,
We are pleased to inform you about your fund which was seized by International Monetary Fund (IMF) due to your failure to provide necessary credentials which states the legitimacy of your fund, the fund was said to be transferred from BOA before its seizure by IMF. Presently the fund is in JPMorgan Chase bank for immediate remittance to your nominated bank account, below is the account details we have about you kindly reconfirm if all the details are correct and update before we make the transfer.
NOTE: no one will ask you for transfer or any form of charge to transfer your fund, if ever happen please report to us because its never from us.
Acct. name: Doreen Koehler.
Bank name: Bank of America