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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Arun lung" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 16 Aug 2020 18:33:29 -0700
Subject: Private Deal

Dear Friend,
An oil business man made a fixed deposit of $66M in my bank branch where
I am a director and he died with his entire family of the pandemic covid
19 disease leaving behind no next of kin. I Propose to present you as
next of kin to claim the funds,if interested contact me with your full
name, and telephone number to reach you and most importantly, a
confirmation of acceptance from you.
Your Truly,
Arun Lung.

Anti-fraud resources: