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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Citi Credit Bank <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 6 Aug 2020 07:26:13 -0700
Subject: Attention

180 Canal St, New York,
NY 10013, United States
Tel: +1 (650) 300-8647
Attention Beneficiary
In fight against corruption in the Banking system and in pursuit to re-build a good relationship with the U.S Citizens and the foreigners by the President of the United States of America.
We wish to inform you that we have taken delivery of the files and reports concerning international payment and remittance as instructed by the US department of treasury and the department of States.
From all reports, you have been chosen to be the beneficiary of the said sum of Three Million Five Hundred Thousand United States dollars. Your email was chosen through a lucky deep amongs other email users and you were automatically contacted through the electronic email.
The U.S Department of States and U.S Department of Treasury has approved a compensation payment of Three Million Five Hundred Thousand United States dollars in your name which shall be transfered to your bank account through an online, We will create an online bank in your name and you will transfer your fund by yourself through our online to your bank account.
We chose to transfer your fund through an online banking so that no Agency will notice or stop your fund. Please be that , you shall receive this compensation fund within 3 working day, if you comply with our instructions and adhere to our directives.
Get back to us with your information as listed below.
Your Full Name:
Phone number:
Age and Occupation:
Next of Kin:
Scan Copy of your identification
Thank you for your mutual understanding and cooperation as we wait to read from you soonest
Yours Faithfully,
Mr Ray Williams
Foreign Remittance Department
Citi Credit Bank

Anti-fraud resources: