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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 05 Aug 2020 18:06:44 -0700

my message...Attn;,

I wish to acknowledge the receipt of your mail to my proposal. I want
you to carefully understand that there is no problem as everything
will be executed legally. I want you to know that there is no risk
involved. I held a meeting with the Bank Director and he his a very
nice man, he assured to assist me as soon as I present the next of
kin, and he said that this fund will be transferred legally through
the banking channel.

I have had everything planned out so that we shall come out
successful. As a trained lawyer in finance and criminology I will
prepare all the necessary documents that will back you up as the next
of kin to Mr Nicolas A.

You will do me only one favor please, to start, All that is required
from you at this stage is for you to provide me with your full details
as stated below as that will make me have more confidence that we are
truly one in this financial business transaction so I can expedite
action with no delay.

Full Names
Telephone and Fax number
Current Residential Address
Age and Occupation
Copy of your Identity Card.

I will also sworn an affidavit of claim on your behalf and secure the
necessary approval and Certificate of Authenticity in your favor for
the transfer of the funds to an account that will be provided by you.

I am appealing to you to assist me repatriating this fund, what I
require is your maximum co-operation and honesty to enable us conclude
this project with the fear of God.

Once again I am counting on your cooperation, confidentiality and
integrity as we progress.


Oscar Jumon Esq.

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Anti-fraud resources: