fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "here in united kingdom" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Peter Cruz" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 05 Aug 2020 20:25:33 +0530
Subject: Attention sir
I got your contact from your country embassy here.
I'm Mr.Peter Cruz,working with a Bank here in united kingdom. Please,
treat this information as secret and highly confidential.
There's an abandoned account with the sum of $15.5 British pounds that
hasn't been operated for the past 4 years.
This account belongs to a Japanese oil dealer who unfortunately died
his family in a Tsunami. He had neither a legal will nor a surviving
of kin. I need your help as a foreigner to claim the money through my
advice and we share it 50%/50% with me.
There is practically no risk involved, the transaction will be executed
under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of
law in London and your country.
If you are doubt of my person, kindly visit the victim on: