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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: John Matudi <>
Date: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 15:23:40 +0100

Compliments of the Day!!!

I write to seek your services in a private confidential matter. My
names is John Matudi, I am 25 years old. I write to inform you of my
interest to relocate to your country in order to further my education
and also establish in a good investment in your country. I don't know
anybody in your country so I am asking for your assistance in this
Investment project.

I have already mapped out money for this project which is my family's
inheritance fund; I am going to provide you with more information of
the investment in my next letter after receiving your reply of your
interest to assist me in this project. I am prepared to compensate you
very well for your assistance.

For more details please reply to my e-mail ( )

Yours sincerely,
John Matudi

Anti-fraud resources: