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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: kate <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 12:25:34 +0100
Subject: Business introduction letter.

Greetings to you,

My name is Miss. Kate Owen , I am writing on behalf of LFB LLC regarding our investors entry into a new market in Gulf and beyond.

Are you seeking a long or short term personal or business loan? Or do you need project financing?

Due to the corona-virus effect on the global economy, our investors are currently giving out loans.

I felt it reasonable to extend salutations to you and suggest you should apply if you are seeking for long or short term personal or business loan.

It would be a great honor if you will be added to our outstanding list of clients.

Please feel free to contact me via my official email at your earliest convenience to discuss in detail and any questions you may have.

Thank you, and I look forward to hearing from you.

Kate. O. (Investor's Rep)

Anti-fraud resources: