fighting spam and scams on the Internet
Try our spam filter!
Free trial for 30 days

About Us

"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Elizabeth M. Maher" <>
Date: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 01:59:01 +0200
Subject: Attention dear

International Monetary Fund
In Affiliation with the
Department of treasury

Compensation of $6.4 million US dollars

Payment file number HQ-098/IMF/01/20

Attention dear:

The directors, secretary of the IMF, the UN, the Department of Treasury and the World Bank representatives respectively. The above organizations agreed to compensate all the scam victims with a clear verifiable proof with the sum of ($6,400,000.00 USD) each. However, you are to contact Mr. Joseph H. Michael with your personal details and choice of payment for this claim. Send the following details to him:

Full Name:..........
Valid Address:......
Phone No.:...........
Valid ID:..........
Payment Methods are (Bank Transfer, ATM Card and Cashier Check).

Name: Mr. Joseph H. Michael
Text/Call: +1 (669) 250-7733

Good luck,

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Maher
New Jersey State Treasurer

Anti-fraud resources: