fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "to your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "hundred thousand u.s dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Patrick Joseph" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 00:42:27 -0700
Subject: Hoping to hear from you as soon as possible.
Although you might be apprehensive about my email as we have never met
before. I am Mr.Patrick Joseph, a Banker and Head of Operations with
Bank here in Burkina Faso West Africa, there is the sum of Six million
two hundred thousand u.s dollars. (Us$6.2million) currently in my
branch, there were no beneficiary stated concerning these funds which
means no one would ever come to claim it.
That is why I ask that can we work together, I will be pleased to work
with you as trusted person and see that the fund is transferred out of
my Bank into another Bank Account, Once the funds have been
transferred to your nominated Bank account we shall then share it in
the ratio of 60% for me, 40% for you.
If you agree to my business proposal.further details of the transfer
will be forwarded to you as soon as i receive your return mail,
sending the below information
1. Full Name.
2: Your Private telephone and Fax numbers.
4. Date Of Birth
5. Country of Residence.
6.Your company's Name and Your full address.
Hoping to hear from you as soon as possible.