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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Jamal Habib. <>
Date: 28 Jul 2020 16:49:18 -0700
Subject: RE: For More details.

Attn Sir/Madam.

I am Mr. Jamal Habib. The Chief of Corporate Banking with one of the Reputable Bank in Dubai,United Arab Emirate.

I am contacting you with regards to a discreet and lucrative sensitive business venture available to my knowledge by virtue of 

my position in the Bank as the Chief of Corporate Banking.

I will provide you with further exclusive and of course, confidential details once I receive your positive and cooperative response.

Yours Faithfully,

Mr. Jamal habib.

Chief of Corporate Banking.
Dubai, United Arab Emirates.


Anti-fraud resources: