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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: " I.M.F ORG" <>
Reply-To: " I.M.F ORG" <>
Date: Tue, 14 Jul 2020 22:44:20 +0900

Dear Customer,

We the management of International payment board of International Monetary Fund committees and World Bank Group committees has finally instructed my Mr. Phillips Oduoza the United Bank for Africa International plc (UBA)to release some fund in a Transfer Cashier Cheque to you worth USD$89,600,000.00 (Eighty-Nine Million Six Hundred Thousand United States Dollars). Write to him your details.

Your full name: _____
Your Complete Address: _________________
Country: ______________________
Direct Telephone Number: ________________
Occupation:__________ Position_______________
Attached copy of your Identification____________

David Robert Malpass
Mrs.Kristalina Georgieva,
Desk of the President,World Bank Group,International Monetary Fund.

Anti-fraud resources: