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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mariam Konta <>
Date: Mon, 13 Jul 2020 15:42:53 +0000
Subject: My Dear Friend

My Dear Friend

My name is Mrs. Mariam Konta, a widow, suffering from cancer disease.
I am writing this mail to you with serious tears in my eyes and great
sorrow in my heart, I decided to contact you due to the urgency of my

My dear I want to donate US$3.5 million to you for a charity project
in your country,
the poor and also for the building of churches.
Please reply back for more details

Anti-fraud resources: