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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Thu, 28 May 2020 19:09:07 -0400
Subject: Gewinner

Wir freuen uns, Ihnen mitteilen zu k=F6nnen, dass Sie aus den Fonds von Ma=
vis Wanczyk f=FCr einen Betrag von 2.000.000 Euro ausgew=E4hlt wurden. Mein=
Name ist Mavis Wanczyk, der Gewinner des Power Ball Lottery Jackpot in H=
=F6he von 758,7 Millionen US-Dollar, dem gr=F6=DFten Preis in einem einzeln=
en Lottoschein in den USA. Meine Wohlt=E4tigkeitsorganisation hat Sie als u=
nseren gl=FCcklichen Empf=E4nger ausgew=E4hlt und erh=E4lt einen Betrag von=
2.000.000 EUR. Nehmen Sie dieses Angebot an und kontaktieren Sie mich f=FC=
r weitere Informationen. Mavis Wanczyk < >

Anti-fraud resources: