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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr.John Monk <>
Date: Sat, 23 May 2020 02:13:50 -0500
Subject: Libyan Crude Oil Allocation Project!!!!

Hello Confidant,

Please permit me to introduce myself. My name is John Monk. I earn a livin=
g in the oil industry as an independent Feasibility/Project Management Cons=
ultant to oil refineries and other oil industries in Southern African, East=
Africa and some parts of Asia. We are based in Johannesburg RSA. Our manda=
te includes identifying specific licensed crude oil export/ marketing firms=
and recommending these firms to the oil refineries for supply of crude oil=
to the refineries.

On my desk is a mandate from one the refineries to arrange for crude oil p=
urchase from Libya for up to 2,000,000 barrels on monthly bases for 12 cale=
ndar months. The essence of my reaching out to you is the fact that am in t=
he process of building a middle man structure to mediate between the 2 part=
ies involved before the contract is signed. You may be wondering why I cann=
ot do it by myself right? The honest fact is that as a consultant to these =
oil refineries, we are not allowed to act as suppliers of crude oil to them=
as well, hence the reason I need a trustworthy person outside my work circ=
le in order to maintain a discreet profile.

I wish to extend this partnership to you my friend to build a middle man s=
tructure with you, while I work from the back to guide you. Our commission/=
brokerage as middle persons is between $2 - $3 per barrel as case may be. S=
o if the target of 2M barrels is met monthly we stand to share $4M - $6M ev=
ery month for a span of 12 months with possible extension.

Worry less about the speedy sales as I have contacts within oil producing =
country's top officials for license of crude oil export/lifting to any firm=
I so present for this business. Therefore if you can be able to handle thi=
s transaction with honesty and integrity, you should come back to me immedi=
ately for more details. Your urgent response is highly needed.

John Monk

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