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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Carlos Acosta<>
Date: Thu, 21 May 2020 20:57:59 -0700
Subject: Funding


Do you need a loan?

I am a broker linked to high profile investors who are interested and willing to granting loan as debt to fund any projects and to all viable and lucrative sectors with up to 10 years repayment plan with 2 year grace period and also can fund projects from $5 Million USD to $1 Billion USD.

If you are looking for large investment projects, commercial real estate and government contracts, etc or If you have a project that needs funding.

kindly revert to me through this e-mail:

We also pay 1% commission to brokers, who introduce project owners for financing or other opportunities.

I look forward to your favorable response

Please stay safe.


Carlos Acosta

Anti-fraud resources: