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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms.Zara Gims" <> (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 1 May 2020 18:43:48 +0200
Subject: Hello ,

Hello ,
How are you and how was your day,am contacting you for genuine and sincere relationship,i came across your contact and i am very pleased to contact you so we can get to know ourselves better,please contact me via email address ( for more details about myself,though i have an important issue i want to discuss with you,but first i will want to develop some level of relationship,trust and confidence in you before i can disclose the matter to you,waiting for your prompt reply.
Yours Truly,

Anti-fraud resources: