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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Fri, 24 Apr 2020 13:09:44 +0100

Good Day,

Please accept my apology for writing to your email without permission, it is because I had no other choice or way to contact you.

This is Dr.Zhengguo Hu,I work with one of the UK's Private Banks,as the Head of Global Banking.My client died without leaving a Will along with his nuclear family in Germany on December 15th 2019 from coronavirus disease and left so much money the sum of US$22.5M.

My offer is to seek your consent to present you as the next of kin of my late client .I urgently hope to get your response as soon as possible because we have less than 3 months for auditors to come.

My Direct Email:

Dr.Hu Zhengguo


Anti-fraud resources: