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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Graham Miller" <>
Date: 18 Apr 2020 02:03:39 +0200
Subject: Business Partnership

A very good day to you,

How are you doing today? My name is Graham Miller and I am glad
to be connected with you, I have a business proposal I would like
to discuss with you in private, it involves a business
opportunity that will be of huge benefit to both of us. Further
details will be shared after I receive your reponse.

Kindly reply me through this private email address:
Thank you in anticipation for prompt response.

Yours truly,
Mr. Graham Miller
Private email: (

Anti-fraud resources: