fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "top secret" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "SA. MENDEZ SOLICITORS " <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 29 Nov 2019 07:39:23 +0000
Subject: Important Notification_
Calle Ribera Del Loira 44, E- 28042 Madrid
Prof. D.Salvador A. GonzÃ¡lez
Tel 0034 603 255 136
Fax 0034 911 820 281
Madrid 28 / 11 / 2019
Firstly, I must solicit your discretion in this transaction; this is by virtue of its nature as being utterly confidential and top secret. Though I know that a transaction of this magnitude will make anyone apprehensive and worried, I am assuring you that all will be well at the end of the day.
Let me start by first introducing myself to you properly. It may surprise you received this letter from me, since there was no previous correspondence between us. My name is D. Salvador A. GonzÃ¡lez, personal Attorney to my late client. My purpose of contacting you is for you to help me and secure the funds left behind by my late client, to avoid it being confiscated or declared unclaimed by the Bank, the fund being valued 13,660,000.00 â¬ (Thirteen Million, Six Hundred Sixty Thousand Euros) and deposited by my late client before he passed away to a massive heart attack on the 06th of June 2013, single, childless and without having granted a Last Will.
The Bank has issued me a final notice to contact his relatives/next of kin, otherwise the account will be declared unserviceable and the fund will be diverted to the Bank Treasury. So far all my efforts to get hold of someone related to my late client have been in vain. Hence, I have decided to look for a reliable person that has got the same surname as my late client and that is how I have contacted you. I am actually asking for your consent to introduce you to the Bank as the Next of Kin, since you have the same surname, so that my late clientâs proceeds can be paid into your account.
All the legal documentation to back up our claim as my client's next of Kin, I shall provide them. All I require from you is your full confidential cooperation to enable us achieving this transaction. All necessary documents contain mutatis mutandis to the certificate of origin in order thus to avoid questions by the bank. The requested documents you need for the process are legal and authenticated. The assets include no criminal origin. The process is carried out properly and without complications, the money transfer will be completed right under. I hope for your trust and good cooperation.
I wish to point out that I want 10% of this money to be shared among Charity Organizations, whilst the remaining 90% will be shared equally between us. This transaction is entirely risk free. I will use my position as the clientâs personal attorney to guarantee the successful execution of this transaction. If you are interested, please contact me via Tel: 0034 911 820 281 Fax: 0034 603 255 136 or E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org upon your response, I shall then provide you with more details and relevant documents that will help you understand more on this transaction.
The intended transaction will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you and me from any breach of the law. However, if this business proposal offends your moral ethics, please do accept my sincere apologies.
If, on the contrary, you wish to achieve this goal with me, kindly fill in the details requested here below and send this form back to me by e-mail/fax with your interest for further explanations.
DATE OF BIRTH:___________________________CIVIL STATUS:________________________ OCCUPATION:______________________
D.Salvador A. GonzÃ¡lez Esq.
TEL. +34 603 255 136 FAX +34 911 820 281 D. S. A. GonzÃ¡lez. Consejo de Constitucional de espaÃ±ol, Fiscal Y AsesorÃa Reg. 218398/ M L A
Consultation times Monday â Friday 09 AM - 21 PM Reg.218398/ M L A &. Miembro senior del Juzgado Del estado