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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Payment Advisory Board" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 19 Nov 2019 05:50:22 -0800
Subject: Your fund released

Attn: Beneficiary


I am Mr.Sambo Adamu, the chairman of the recently inaugurated Foreign Contract Review Panel. 2019, by His Excellency the President .

The purpose of this office is to redeem the battered image of this country by looking into the affairs of all the foreign unpaid debts/contractors who have successfully completed their contract here in Nigeria. It might interest you to know that we stumbled into your file with CONTRACT No:- NNPC/PED/KAD-PHR/X4356/99 and from our investigations, we uncovered that your funds has been approved for payment by the Presidency and Mr. Godwin Emefiele, the Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria but was withheld by some people who wanted to divert the funds to their associates accounts.

Following this, we have filed for the release of your full payment, but unfortunately the Senate Committee on Foreign Contracts was able to approve only a part payment of US$8,500,000.00 in your name. We have also profiled contractual documents copies from various Federal Government Ministries where this contracts took place and the Finance Ministry on the above mentioned amount.

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has already finalized agreement to pay you through their correspondence Bank Abroad. They resorted to this method because direct payment from here will require some documentations which will definitely attract charges, so they decided to pay or settle you abroad to avoid unnecessary payments and charges. It will also interest you to know that we've successfully used this same medium to settle thousands of customers without any complain. We hereby request that you reconfirm the followings to enable us commence on the transfer process.

1. Your full names.
2. Your recent contact address.
3. Your direct telephone numbers.
4. Amount of claim owed you.

Note that you are advised to respond back to this message without delay so that We can submit your information to the Central Bank of Nigeria for payment. We are very sorry for all the inconveniences you encountered in your efforts of receiving this over due payment.


Mr. Sambo Adamu.
Chairman (F.C.R.P.)

Anti-fraud resources: