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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "TYLER HESS" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 18 Nov 2019 17:15:00 -0800

Good Day
I am interested in establishing and operating a very viable business as a means of investment. I did not know well on how this will be done in your country, so I will need you to help me in this regard. My preference is any good profit yielding business and I would appreciate any viable ideas you could come up with. I will also need you to help me look for properties like house and lands for sale as I am proposing to invest a substantial amount of money accrued as a return on investment. Details of the amount shall be given to you upon receipt of your response. I do not know if you can and will be of help to me.
For a brief on my personality;
My need for this business proposition and to acquire these properties is very urgent as I am planning to retire from my position as the Vice Chairman of Gulf Investment Council in the European Union region.  business inclined man, I want you to come up with your individual business/ investment ideas as I will welcome it from the bottom of my heart. I also hope to meet with you in Africa, Asia or Europe during the course of our investment deliberations to fine tune our investment plans. Do get back to me on my email: for more details if you are Interested in working with me on the noble Project Please I expect your good and prompt reply so that we can proceed swiftly on how the fund can be sent to you.
Best Regards
Tyler Hess

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