fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447045606588 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
Fraud email example:
From: "NORMAN BURGI" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 12 Nov 2019 07:55:41 -0800
Subject: LET'S DO IT NOW
Compliment of the season, I'm Mr. Norman Burgi from United States of America but working as Financial Consultant Services, Bahrain and UK,
I am making this contact from FIN/HANS Consultant Firm and Management Services, an Investment and Wealth Management Establishment here in the Bahrain and United Kingdom.
I do have the mandate of a PRIVATE client with embattled political background to seek for individuals with Financial Management know-how to handle the investment and management of fund between US$5Million to US$100 Million dollars.
If you have fund management abilities, credible projects in need of funding or existing businesses requiring expansion, we would be delighted to work with you.
Kindly get back to me as soon as possible.
Phone: +1 859 545 6567
Phone:: +44 704 560 6588