fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "is 100% risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: CIKO THOMAS <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 11 Nov 2019 07:49:48 +0000
Subject: BUSINESS PROPOSAL
TEL: +27 73 773 3886
PRIVATE AND CONFIDENTIAL.
My name is Mr. Ciko Thomas, The Group Managing Executive of Nebank South
Africa. my partner and me has decided to contact you because there is an
account opened in this bank in 1998 and since 2000 nobody has operated on
this account again. After going through some old files in the records, we
discovered that Mr Smith B. Andrew died in a plane crash of Singapore
Airlines Flight 006 (SQ006) was a scheduled passenger flight from
Singapore Changi Airport to Los Angel's International Airport via Chiang
Kai-shek Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan including his wife and only daughter.
You shall read more about the crash on visiting this site below
which I got during my investigation. if we do not remit this money out
urgently it would be forfeited to the government for nothing. The owner of
this account is Mr Smith B. Andrew, a foreigner, and a miner at a Gold
Company, a geologist by profession. No other person knows this account or
anything concerning it, the account has no beneficiary and my investigation
proved to me as well that the company does not know anything about this
account and the money in this account is USD 25,000,000.00 (Twenty Five
Million United States Dollars).
Since the death of this our customer, I personally has watched with keen
interest to see the next of kin but all has proved abortive as no one has
come to claim his funds, which has been with our branch for a very long
time. On this note, I decided to seek for whom his name shall be used as
the Next of Kin as no one has come up to be the next of kin.
In view of this I got your contact through a trade journal when I was
making a research on a foreigner I will use in this great opportunity. For
your assistant I will give you 20% of the total amount then 10% have been
mapped out to be donated to the Orphanage home of your choice, while the
remaining 70% will be for my partner and me. Upon the receipt of your
response on my above email ( firstname.lastname@example.org) I will send you the
procedures. I will not fail to bring to your notice that this business is
100% risk free and that you should not entertain any fear as all modalities
for the smooth and easy transfer of this fund has been finalized.
Kindly contact me on the above stated email and phone number.
Thanks and God Bless You.
Mr CIKO THOMAS
*GROUP MANAGING EXECUTIVE*
*NED BANK SOUTH AFRICA*